Category Archives: Radha Krishna

Bhishma Pitamah glorifies Krishna on his deathbed at Kurukshetra

bhishma pitamah pandavas

Twelve mahajanas are described in the Srimad Bhagavatam – Bali, Bhisma Pitamah, Lord Brahma, Janaka, Kapiladeva, Narada Muni, Sanat-Kumar, Shiva, Prahlada, Sukadeva Goswami, Svayambhuva Manu, Yamaraj. All of these twelve mahajanas are exalted devotees of the Supreme Lord and authorities on the science of devotion. Bhishma Pitamah, one of these twelve mahajanas, was a selfless soul who remained a lifelong celibate (brahmachari) simply to respect the wish of his father to marry Satyavati. Bhishma Pitamah yielded his claims to the royal throne. Although he was very powerful and core to the survival of the kuru dynasty, he never took any credits or honors for himself. He sided with the Kauravas in the battle of Kurukshetra although he understood very well that they would lose as Krishna, the Supreme Lord, had sided with the Pandavas. While resting on the deathbed of arrows in Kurukshetra, Bhishma instructed Maharaj Yudhisthira on various subjects concerning dharma. Then, when it was time for Bhishma Pitamah to leave his body, he withdrew his mind from everything else and fixed his wide-open eyes upon Sri Krishna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who stood before him, four-handed, dressed in sparkling yellow garments. Bhishma Pitamah then glorified his eternal master and prayed as follows.

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Ashta Sakhi of Radha – 8 Principal Gopis of Vrindavan

krishna accessories ornaments articles ashta sakhi radha

The eight principal Gopis of Vrindavan are Lalita, Visakha, Citra, Champakalata, Tungavidya, Indulekha, Rangadevi and Sudevi. They are also known as ‘Ashta sakhi’ or ‘Parama Prestha Sakhis’ as they are the dearmost friends of Sri Radha. These most exalted Gopis of Vrindavan are celebrated as the most intimate associates of Sri Radha-Krishna and they are always engaged in assisting the divine couple manifest their loving pastimes. The love these Gopis hold for Sri Radha and Krishna is unique and unmatched. They are endowed with beautiful forms, transcendental qualities, and sweet features. A brief sketch of their families, moods, and the services they render is presented below.

#1 Lalita

Among the eight Gopis of Vrindavan, Sri Lalita devi is the chief. She is twenty-seven days older than Sri Radha. Another of her names is ‘Anuradha’. Her body possesses a yellowish tone resembling that of cow’s urine and her attire mirrors the hue of a peacock feather. Visoka is her father and Sarada is her mother. She is endowed with the quality of harshness which adds a special flavor to her relationship with Krishna. Bhairava, her husband, also a friend of the cowherd boy Govardhana.

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Krishna’s cowherd friends | Krishna in Vrindavan

krishna cowherd boys

There are countless cowherd boys of Vrindavan who are greatly attached to Krishna and assist in His pastimes in various ways. Some of them are fond of joking, some are always eager to give their counsel, some are very talkative and engage in arguments with Krishna, some of them are very gentle and give pleasure to Krishna by their sweet words. etc. All of these friends are very intimate with Krishna, and they exhibit expertise in their different activities, their purpose always being to please Krishna. Among the contemporaries of Sri Krishna, Sri Baladeva is the foremost. He is the elder brother of Krishna and is the killer of the demon Pralamba. Krishna’s friends can be grouped into four categories depending upon the closeness of their relationship with Krishna. They are described as below :

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Names of Krishna’s accessories, articles and Ornaments | Krishna in Vrindavan

Srila Rupa Goswami had recorded the names of Krishna’s articles, accessories, and ornaments in his book Sri Radha Krishna Ganoddesa Dipika. Below is the brief summary of his presentation.

Names of Krishna’s Articles and Accessories

#1 The name of Krishna’s mirror is Saradindu

#2 Krishna’s camara is called Madhu-maruta. It always produces fresh air during the spring season.

#3 Krishna’s favorite lotus flower is named Sadasmera

#4 Krishna’s toy ball is named Citrakoraka

#5 Krishna’s golden bow is named Vilasakarmmana

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Lord Krishna’s beautiful attractive form | Krishna in Vrindavan

Lord Krishna – the all attractive

radha krishna beauty attractive

#1 The nectarean bodily luster of Krishna is as smooth as an ointment.

#2 His bodily hue resembles the tone of a blue sapphire or a blue lotus flower.

#3 His form is as enchanting as a young fresh Tamala tree or a dense cloud.

#4 He beams as brightly as an emerald.

#5 Lord Krishna is dressed in yellow garments. His body is decorated with garlands of forest flowers and jewelled ornaments. He is the source of all kinds of ecstatic pastimes.

#6 His long curly hair is fragrant with various sweet aromas. His crown is adorned with different kinds of flower garlands.

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Gopis of Krishna | Astha Sakhi | Gopis of Vrindavan

krishna radha gopis

The cowherd girls of Vrindavan, the companions of Sri Radha (Astha Sakhi – eight principal cowherd girls) and Krishna are commonly referred to as the Gopis of Vrindavan. According to authorities, these gopis can be broadly divided into three groups – Samaja, Mandala, and Gana. Samaja can be further subdivided into two – Varistha and Vara. These most exalted Gopis of Vrindavan are celebrated as the most intimate associates of Sri Radha-Krishna and they are always engaged in assisting the divine couple manifest their loving pastimes. The love that these Gopis hold for Sri Radha and Krishna is unique and unmatched. They are endowed with beautiful forms, transcendental qualities, and sweet features.

Among all the gopis of Vrindavan, Sri Radha and Chandravali are the topmost. They are leaders of other gopis and their groups in turn comprise millions of other gopis. Between these two, Sri Radha is considered to be the more exalted. She is the ultimate source of all the transcendental qualities. Radha is the most loveable object of Sri Krishna. The eight principal gopis of Vrindavan (as described below) are all expansions of Sri Radha, who is the queen of Vrindavan.

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Glories of Srimati Radharani

srimati radharani prema

Sri Krishna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, is the Supreme enjoyer and the master of all. He is ‘Isvara’ and the cause of all causes (sarva karana karanam). Srimati Radharani is the manifestation of His Hladini shakti (internal potency). Sri Radhika is the most excellent of all His devotees and the most confidential servant of the Supreme Lord. Though Krishna is the supreme enjoyer, Radharani experiences a greater degree of ecstasy by serving Sri Krishna. This is something that puzzles even the Supreme Lord and He hankers to experience Her ecstasy first hand, to properly appreciate Srimati Radharani’s position. Hence taking up the mood (bhava) and the golden bodily complexion (kanti) of Srimati Radharani, Sri Krishna descended as Lord Chaitanya in the age of Kali. Sri Chaitanya’s heart was an image of Srimati Radhika’s emotions – greatly turbulent with the feelings of union (sambhoga) and separation (vipralambha) from Krishna. Hence, it is stated that there is no difference between Lord Chaitanya and the unification of Radha and Krishna (Sri Krishna Chaitanya, Radha Krishna Nahe anya). Sri Radhika loves and worships Krishna as a simple cowherd boy of Vrindavana. Her love does not recognize Her beloved as the mighty king of the Yadus or the majestic Supreme Personality of Godhead. She is maddened by Krishna’s sweetness (madhurya) and is willing to sacrifice anything, even Her existence, to please Her beloved. Her love for Krishna defies the boundaries of conventional logic, the frontiers of sacrifice, and the abysses of emotional turbulence.

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Lotus feet of Krishna and its Power | Rukmini, Krishna and Radha

Rukmini devi recites the glories of Krishna’s lotus feet and how devotees headed by Radha rani treasure them

dhameshwar Mahaprabhu lotus feet of Krishna

(All glories to the lotus feet of Lord Krishna !!!)

Text 64-65
Bole devi Rukmini , shuno prabhu gunamani
Chitte na bhabio kichhu aan
Ja laagi kandiye aami, se katha na jano tumi
Ara jata jata saba gyan
Tuya charana kamale, ki achhe katek bol-e
Bhalo na janoho tumi iha
E pada amara ghare, chadiya jabe anyatare
Ta laagi kandiye mor hiya
Translation –
Rukmini devi said,’O Lord (Krishna) , who is a jewel of virtues, please listen to Me. You cannot feel it in Your heart the reason why I am weeping. You do not know this, although everything else is known to You.You do not properly know the power of Your lotus feet. This same lotus feet will eventually leave my house and go somewhere else – this is why my heart cries’
Purport –
The love that a devotee feels for the supreme Lord when He/She is in His separation (vipralambha) is many times more intense and more developed than the love that the same devotee feels in the association of the Lord (Sambhoga). This is a great confidential subject matter. The Gopis of Vrindavana were in a state of greater transcendental ecstasy living in separation from Krishna, than living in His association in Vrindavana. Similarly, the residents of Navadvipa felt their love for Nimai increase many folds once He accepted sannyasa and left Navadvipa. The residents of Ayodhya felt a more intense love for Lord Ramachandra when He was banished to the forest and when He lived away from them. A devotee ,however, always hankers for the Lord’s association and does not want to leave Him at any moment. However, the Lord at times apparently goes away from His dear devotees so as to increase their love for Him, many folds.
This love in separation is very much exhibited in the later pastimes of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, who although being the supreme Lord , had descended as His own devotee. Relishing the mood of Srimati Radharani, Lord Gauranga, cried day and night feeling an intense separation from Sri Krishna. Visualizing the sea as yamuna, the Chataka parvata as Govardhan, or a tamala tree as Lord Krishna, Mahaprabhu remained immersed in the mood of an apparently suffering Radhika, whose love for Lord Krishna (living in His separation) had reached the peak of transcendental ecstasy.

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