Category Archives: Glorifications of Sri Chaitanya

Kali Yuga and its savior – Chaitanya Mahaprabhu | Chaitanya Upanishad

chaitanya mahaprabhu childhood pastimes kali yuga

Chaitanya Upanishad has been excerpted by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura from the sacred texts of the Atharva Veda. The Thakura searched the length and breadth of Bengal to obtain an original copy of this rare manuscript that describes the unique position, advent of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, and how He is our savior from the evil influences of Kali Yuga. He was finally provided with a copy of this original hand-written manuscript from Pandita Madhusudana Maharaja, of Sambala Pura. The texts along with their English translations is provided below.

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108 Names of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu | Gauranga Ashtottara ShataNamaVali

Gauranga Chaitanya Ashtottara Shata Nama

Sri Gauranga Ashtottara Shata Nama (Ashtottara ShataNamaVali) are the 108 names of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. The following amazing all-purifying verses have been composed by Sri Sarvabhauma Bhattacharya to disseminate the glories of Lord Gauranga all over the creation. Below are their translations for the pleasure of all the devotees of Lord Gauranga.

namaskrtya pravaksyami deva-devam jagad-gurum
namnam-astottara-satam caitanyasya mahatmanah

After offering my respectful obeisances unto Lord Chaitanya, who is a great soul, the Lord of all Lords, and the spiritual master of the entire universe, I will now narrate His 108 holy names.

visvambharo jita-krodho maya-manusa-vigrahah
amayi mayinam sretho vara-deso dvijottamah

  • Viswambhara – He supports and sustains the creation
  • Jita Krodha – He is triumphant over the influence of ordinary worldly anger
  • Maya Manusha vigraha – He assumes the illusory form of a human
  • Amayi – He is bereft of deceitful behaviour
  • Mayinam ShresthaHe is the chief of transcendental cheaters
  • Vara desha – He appears in the best of lands
  • Dvijottama – He is best among the brahmanas

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Shikshashtakam – by Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu

Chaitanya Mahaprabhu Shikshashtakam

Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, the Supreme Personality of Godhead ,had mercifully appeared at Yogpeeth (in  Mayapur, West Bengal, India) about 500 years ago (in the year 1486 AD), to bless us with the most wonderful, deep and ecstatic pastimes of Gaura lila. The identity of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu as the Supreme Personality of Godhead can be verified in a number of Vedic scriptures like Srimad Bhagavatam, Mahabharata, Garuda Purana, Nrsimha Purana, Padma purana, Bhavishya Purana, Narada Purana etc. Sri Chaitanya  Mahaprabhu is the most munificent incarnation of the Supreme. Lord Gaurahari freely gives what no other incarnation of the Supreme Lord has ever given before – the ecstatic pure love of God. He does not consider one’s qualifications or background or pedigree before bestowing this supreme gift upon them, receiving which one achieves the ultimate perfection of his human life. This ecstatic love of God eludes the great demigods like Brahma, Shiva and Indra. Even Lakshmi devi, the wife of Lord Narayana, hankers to receive it. A yogi cannot achieve it , even after performing severe austerities for thousands of years. A Jnani cannot smell it even after analysing the whole of the vedic scriptures. This ecstatic love of God is extremely rare but it can be easily achieved by the causeless mercy of Lord Gauranga. That is why lord Chaitanya is known to be the essence of all the other incarnations of the Supreme – ‘Avatara sar Gaura avatara’. Although being the Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself and having broadcasted the congregational chanting of the holy names of Krishna in all four directions, he did not pen any transcendental literatures Himself, but rather empowered his associates like Sri Rupa and Sanatan Goswamis to compose various literatures on devotion. It was through them that he expounded the science of bhakti (devotional service) and glorified Lord Krishna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead. The only work that is known to have been penned by him is the famous eight verses of Shikshashtakam. Sri Shikshashtakam carries the essence of the entire process of devotional science (Bhakti) from the very basics up to the highest goal of Krishna Prema (unconditional selfless devotional service unto Krishna). It can be stated without uncertainty that whoever deeply studies these instructions of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, follows them, and imbibes them to their heart, has indeed been blessed with a higher understanding of the path of Bhakti. These glorious shlokas are as follows :

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Sri Saci-Tanaya Ashtakam : Prayers unto Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (son of Saci)

Sri Saci Tanaya Ashtakam : Eight Prayers unto Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (Gauranga)
– by Sarvabhauma Bhattacharya

Text One

Ujjwala-varana-gaura-vara-deham
Vilasita-niravadhi-bhava-videham
tri-bhuvana-pavana-kripayah lesham
tam pranamami cha Sri Saci tanayam

Unto He, whose divine bodily complexion resembles that of brilliant gold, whose host of pastimes enact the heights of sublime ecstatic bliss, who purifies the three worlds by an iota of His mercy – unto that son of Saci (Chaitanya Mahaprabhu), I offer my obeisances.

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Lord Chaitanya’s message of divine Love | Shanta, Dasya, Sakhya, Vatsalya and Madhurya Rasa

divine love rasa mellow

#1 ‘Prema’ and ‘Kama’ –  Transcendental Love vs Mundane lust

In our vocabulary, we come across two concepts – ‘Prema’ and ‘Kama’. The English equivalents for these two words are ‘transcendental love’ (divine love) and ‘mundane lust’ respectively. There is a general tendency to confuse ‘Prema’ with ‘Kama’ and vice-versa. Considering the apparent similarities between their external characteristics, such confusion is inevitable. But a little reflection will reveal the stark distinctions between the two – ‘Prema’ is divine while ‘Kama’ is hellish. Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu distinguishes between these two with a beautiful explanation –

atmendriya-priti-vancha – tare bali ‘kama’
krishnendriyo-priti-iccha dhare ‘prema’ nama
(Chaitanya Charitamrita, 4.165)

The desire to gratify one’s own senses is lust, but the desire to please the senses of Lord Krishna is love.

So wherever the desire to gratify our senses exists there is lust and wherever the desire to gratify the senses of Krishna (Supreme Lord) exists, there is love. Preachers of Divine Love have appeared at different times on this planet. The comparative study of their teachings of Divine Love reveals the differences between them. This difference is primarily due to the diverse spiritual evolution of different people. A careful comparative study of all these messages of Divine Love will establish the superiority of Lord Chaitanya above all others. Lord Chaitanya’s gift in this regard shall be determined to be the highest.

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Nabadwip ashtaka – Glorification of Nabadwip by Rupa Goswami

ndm nabadwip navadvipa

Srila Rupa Goswami glorifies the transcendental exalted abode of Nabadwip (also spelt as ‘Navadvipa’) in these following eight verses.

Nabadwip stuti

Sri gauda deshe suradirghi kayas
tire ti ramye pura punya mayyah
lasantam ananda bharena nityam
tam sri Navadvipam aham smarami

Yasmai paravyoma vadanti kecit
Kecic ca goloka itirayanti
Vadanti vrindavanam eva taj-jnas
Tam sri navadvipam aham smarami

Yah sarva diksu sphuritaih su-sitair
nana-drumaih supavanai paritah
Sri gaura madhyahna vihara patrais
tam sri navadvipam aham smarami

Sri svarna dhi yatra viharita ca
Suvarna sopana nibaddha tira
Vyaptormibhir gaurava gaha mayyes
Tam sri navadvipam aham smarami

Mahanty anantani grhani yatra
Sphuranti haimani manoharani
Praty alayam yam srayate sada sris
Tam sri navadvipam aham smarami

Vidya daya ksanti makhaih samastaih
Sadbhir gunair yatra janah prapannah
Samstuyamana rsi deva siddhais
Tam sri navadvipam aham smarami

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Worshiping the Pancha Tattva – Chaitanya, Nityananda, Advaita, Gadadhara, Srivasa

Pancha Tattva – The Absolute truth (Supreme Lord) in five features :

pancha tattva

Pancha Tattvatmakam Krishnam
Bhakta rupa svarupakam
Bhaktavataram bhaktakhyam
Namami bhakta saktikam

I offer my obeisances unto the Supreme Lord, Sri Krishna, who is non-different from His features as a devotee (Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu), devotional manifestation (Sri Nityananda Prabhu), devotional incarnation (Sri Advaita Acarya), devotional energy (Sri Gadadhara Pandita) and pure devotee (Sri Srivasa Pandita).

The Pancha Tattva (Pancha means ‘five’ and tattva means ‘truth’), as mentioned above, incarnate along with Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, the Supreme Lord, and in this way, He manifests His sankirtana movement with great pleasure. Spiritually there are no differences between these five truths, for on the transcendental platform everything is absolute. Yet at the same time, there are also varieties in the spiritual world and it is important to differentiate between them to taste these spiritual varieties. Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and His associates, who are together known as the Pancha Tattva, had distributed the holy name of Lord Krishna to invoke the love of Godhead throughout the universe.

The three predominators – Lord Chaitanya, Nityananda Prabhu and Advaita Acharya are worshipable by all living entities. The fourth principle, Sri Gadadhara Pandita, is to be understood as their worshiper. There are innumerable pure unalloyed devotees of the Lord headed by Srivasa Pandita. The associates of the Lord in His various pastimes are all His confidential eternal devotees. Only with them does the Lord appear to propound the sankirtana movement. It is only with their help that the Lord relishes the mellows of conjugal love and then distributes this love of God to the general populace.

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Lakshmipriya devi marries Chaitanya Mahaprabhu

chaitanya mahaprabhu Lakshmipriya vishnupriya

Seeing Nimai (Chaitanya Mahaprabhu) grow up into a handsome young man, Saci mata started thinking about His marriage. Vallabha acharya was a pious brahmana residing at Nabadwip during those days. Sri Vallabha acharya was equal to King Janaka (father of Sita devi) in every respect. His daughter, Lakshmipriya, was as beautiful as Goddess Lakshmi. By the will of providence, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and Lakshmipriya devi met one day at the bank of the Ganges while she had gone for bathing. Recognizing His eternal consort, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (Nimai) sweetly smiled looking at Lakshmipriya. She too recognized her eternal master and mentally worshipped His lotus feet.

Daive Lakshmi ekdin gela Ganga snane
Gaura-chandra henoi somoye seikhane
nija-Lakshmi chiniya hashila Gaura-chandra
Lakshmi-o bandilo mane Prabhu-pada-padma
(Chaitanya Bhagavata, Adi, 10.49-50)

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