Category Archives: Chaitanya Mangala Sutra Khanda

Vishnu-Katyayani samvada

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(Bivas raga – tripadi)
 
Text 261
Bole pahun lahun bole, naha devi utrole
Eki haye tor vyavahar
Tor maya bondhe andha, shakala samsara khanda
Tenyi sristi achhoye amar
 
Translation –
Lord Narayana spoke in a sweet voice ,’ O goddess do not be in ignorance. What you wish shall definitely happen. The ropes of your illusion has kept everyone in this material world blinded. I create this material world through you’.
 
Purport –
Lord Krishna says in Bhagavad Gita :
 
mayadhyaksena prakritih
suyate sa characharam
hetunanena kaunteya
jagad viparivartate
  
O son of Kunti, this material nature is working under My direction, and it is producing all moving and unmoving beings accordingly. By its rule this manifestation is created and annihilated again and again. Continue reading


Narada muni visits Kailash

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hamsa vahan gtb

Mor pran Gaurachand nare haya (refrain)

Translation –
Lord Gaurachand is my very life and soul.
 
Text 158-159
Chalila narada muni vina gaya guna
Shuniya bihavala hiya pore punah punah
Kshaneke rodon , kshane atta atta hash
Kshane kanpe, kshane kshane , adha adha bhash
 
Translation –
Playing upon his vina and singing the Lord’s glories, Narada muni continued with his journey. Hearing these glories, his heart became overwhelmed and he fell down again and again being imbued with ecstatic love. Momentarily he would cry, the next moment he would laugh out loud. Sometimes his whole body trembled and at times, his voice got choked up and he spoke with faltering voice.
 
Purport –
These symptoms of ecstasy are very common in advanced devotees and are usually manifested when they come in contact with the Lord or any of His close associates. There are eight such ecstatic symptoms that are observed in human beings – 1. being stopped as though dumb; 2. perspiration 3. standing up of hairs on the body 4. dislocation of voice 5. trembling 6. fading of the body 7. crying in ecstasy and 8. trance
 
Text 160-161
Kshane hunkara chhare ,mare malsat
Gaura Gaura boli kande, antara uchat
Pasharite nare Gaurar sumadhura prema
Anga jhalamala tyejah, dinakara jeno
 
Translation –
At moments Narada would roar and slap his own arms just like a wrestler, crying out ‘Gaura Gaura’ in a state of intense internal ecstasy. It was impossible for Narada to forget the exceedingly charming form of Mahaprabhu, filled with ecstatic love, and more dazzling than the sun.
 
Text 162-163
Chalite na paare preme antara ullash
Ankhira nimikhe gela shivera kailash
Mahesh dekhiba boli barila ananda
Kahiba Krishnera katha kariya prabandha
 
Translation –
Narada couldn’t even walk ,being overcome with the intense ecstatic love that filled his heart. Within a twinkling of an eye, he reached the abode of Lord Shiva in Kailash. Thinking that he would soon be able to see Lord Shiva increased Narada’s bliss. He was eager to narrate all he had heard from Lord Krishna.
 
Text 164-165
Aichhana ananda-katha nahi teenloke
Vrindavana dhana prakashiba kaliyuge
Ye prema yachoye Shiva birinchi ananta
Bilashiba kaliyuge adhama duranta
 
Translation –
There is nothing as blissful as these words in the entire three worlds. The Supreme Lord will manifest the treasure of Vrindavana in this age of Kali. That same pure ecstatic love which Shiva, Brahma and Ananta Sesha beg to attain, the Supreme Lord will distribute it freely to the lowest of the sinners in this age of kali.
 
Purport –
‘Gaurangera duti pada, yar dhana sampada, se jane bhakti rasa sar’ – One who treasures the lotus feet of Lord Gauranga in his heart, knows the very essence of devotional science.
 
Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is the most magnanimous incarnation of the Supreme Lord. He freely distributes His mercy without judging any qualifications of the person whom He is showering His blessings upon.
 
At the same time ,Lord Chaitanya’s mercy is very unique. One who receives His mercy, can experience the highest ecstasy of love of God. The realization of this pure ecstatic love of the Supreme is extremely rare. This is something which the people of the previous yugas (Satya, Treta, Dvapara) could not receive even by means of performing severe austerities for thousands of years, performing grand sacrifices or even elaborate deity worship. This is rare even for the great demigods like Brahma, Shiva and Indra, who forever hanker to receive it.
The supreme Lord in His form as Sri Krishna rarely ever bestows this kind of special mercy. He gives it to His intimate associates or the gopis of Vrindavana. But Sri Chaitanya bestows this rare treasure of love of God, to one and all, freely, without any consideration. Hence Sri Chaitanya is the essence of all the incarnations of the supreme – ‘Avatara sar Gaura avatara’. One who gets this special mercy receives the pure love of God, receiving which there remains nothing else to be achieved. Obtaining the pure ecstatic love of God is the highest perfection of human life.
 
Srila Prabodhananda Sarasvati sings :
 
alaukikya premonmada rasa vilasa prathanaya
na yah sri Govindanuchara saciveshv esu kritisu
mahascharyam premotsavam api hadhad datari na yan
matir Gaure saksat para iha sa mudho nara pasuh
(Chaitanya Chandramrita, Text 40)
 
 The supreme lord Gauranga is the greatest philanthropist who wonderfully performs His transcendental pastimes thereby freely distributing to one and all the pure love of God, which is rarely attained even by the principal associates of Lord Govinda. Thus a person whose mind is not rapt in meditation of Lord Gauranga is certainly a bewildered fool, and an animal in the guise of a man.
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Narada Muni visits Naimisharanya

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halisahar

Text 119-120
Ki dekhilun Gaura-rupa aparupa thham
Ki dekhilun sakaruna aruna nayan
Ki dekhilun amiya adhika parakash
Ki dekhilun srimukher madhurima hash
 
Translation –
(Narada Muni thought) ‘O what an unparalleled beautiful form have I just seen in the form of Lord Gauranga. O what wonderful compassionate eyes ,that appear reddish like the rising sun, did I just see. O what a profuse expression ,that is even sweeter than nectar, did I see. O What a sweet smile did I see on His beautiful face’.

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Power of Lord Krishna’s lotus feet

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dhameshwar Mahaprabhu

(Dhanashi Raga – Dirgha chhanda)
 
Text 64-65
Bole devi Rukmini , shuno prabhu gunamani
Chitte na bhabio kichhu aan
Ja laagi kandiye aami, se katha na jano tumi
Ara jata jata saba gyan
Tuya charana kamale, ki achhe katek bol-e
Bhalo na janoho tumi iha
E pada amara ghare, chadiya jabe anyatare
Ta laagi kandiye mor hiya
 
Translation –
Rukmini devi said,’O Lord (Krishna) , who is a jewel of virtues, please listen to Me. You cannot feel it in Your heart the reason why I am weeping. You do not know this, although everything else is known to You.You do not properly know the power of Your lotus feet. This same lotus feet will eventually leave my house and go somewhere else – this is why my heart cries’
 
Purport –
The love that a devotee feels for the supreme Lord when He/She is in His separation (vipralambha) is many times more intense and more developed than the love that the same devotee feels in the association of the Lord (Sambhoga). This is a great confidential subject matter. The Gopis of Vrindavana were in a state of greater transcendental ecstasy living in separation from Krishna, than living in His association in Vrindavana. Similarly, the residents of Navadvipa felt their love for Nimai increase many folds once He accepted sannyasa and left Navadvipa. The residents of Ayodhya felt a more intense love for Lord Ramachandra when He was banished to the forest and when He lived away from them. A devotee ,however, always hankers for the Lord’s association and does not want to leave Him at any moment. However, the Lord at times apparently goes away from His dear devotees so as to increase their love for Him, many folds.
This love in separation is very much exhibited in the later pastimes of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, who although being the supreme Lord , had descended as His own devotee. Relishing the mood of Srimati Radharani, Lord Gauranga, cried day and night feeling an intense separation from Sri Krishna. Visualizing the sea as yamuna, the Chataka parvata as Govardhan, or a tamala tree as Lord Krishna, Mahaprabhu remained immersed in the mood of an apparently suffering Radhika, whose love for Lord Krishna (living in His separation) had reached the peak of transcendental ecstasy.
 
Text 66-67
E pada-padam gandhe, jay jei digante
Sedik chharoye jara mrityu
Pada-makaranda pane, jiye jei jei jane
Tare kiba diba nishi ritu
padapadma-padmarage , je dhoroye anurage
Tar pada pai punyabhage
Kandiya kohiye katha, jata achhe mon-o byatha
Sab nibedoye tuya aage
 
Translation –
(Rukmini devi continued) ‘In whichever direction the fragrance of Your lotus feet spreads, old age and death abandons it.He, who lives drinking and relishing the nectar of Your lotus feet, cares for neither day nor night nor any passing season.The feet of one, who lovingly clasps onto the reddish lotus feet of Yours (Krishna), can be obtained only by good fortune. Weeping, I humbly narrate all of that, which causes my heart to be filled with pain’
 
Purport –
This is the meditation of those who have realized that Gauranga prema(love) is the highest form of spiritual practice and the sole objective of one’s existence :
 
kandarpad api sundarah surasarit purad aho pavanah
sitamsor api shitalah sumadhuroh madhvika sarad api
data kalpa mahiruhad api maha snigdho jananya api
premna Gaura harih kada nu hrdi me dhyatuh padah dhasyati
(Chaitanya Chandramrita, Text 72)
 
When will Lord Gaurahari, who is unlimitedly more beautiful than Cupid, infinitely more purifying than the celestial Ganges, more soothing than millions of moons, sweeter than madhavika nectar, more charitable and generous than the celestial desire creepers, and more affectionate than millions of mothers , appear in my meditation and lovingly place His lotus feet upon my heart ?
 
Text 68-69
tumi Thakura sabhakara, tomara thakura ara
Ke achhe shakala samsare
Yanr pada anurage, e rasa aswad pabe
Ei ponhu nibedoye tore
Radhamatra jane iha , o rasa piriti paiya
Yata sukh yateke sohaag
Bhakata bismaya gune, ei katha ratri dine
Ki na rasa prema anurag
 
Translation –
‘You are the master of all in this entire creation. There is no one superior to You.Whoever is devoted and loves Your lotus feet, tastes this sweet nectar. Besides Me,only Srimati Radharani knows how to relish the mellows of love and taste this highest transcendental ecstasy.The devotees are struck with wonder contemplating day and night about the unique qualities and the ecstatic love that Radharani feels for You’.
 
Text 70-71
Brahma adi deva-devi, lakshmi-charana-sevi
Se pan apana anurage
Kara kamale kamala, ati arati bihavala
Tuya pada-padme madhu mange
Se punah hridaye rahi, sajjay sutoye nahi
Badane badan rahu roma
Epada madhuri aashe, seho taha nahi base
Keba kahu charana mahima
 
Translation –
‘All the demigods headed by Lord Brahma, including Lakshmi devi,who serves Your lotus feet, all yearn to receive this ecstatic love for You. Devi kamala (goddess Lakshmi), whose hands are like lotus flowers, who is always overwhelmed with a deep love for You, begs the nectar of Your lotus feet. She (Lakshmi devi) forever remains in your chest and sleeps with you in the same bed. Being Your beloved, She is able to keep Her face upon Yours. Yet She yearns for the sweetness of Your feet. Who can describe the unlimited glories of Your feet ?’
 
Purport –
For a devotee, the lotus feet of the Lord are His most powerful manifestations. Worshipping the Lord’s feet also signifies that a devotee is subservient to the Supreme Lord. Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura encaptures this subservient mood of a devotee :
 
marobi rakhobi – jo ichha tohara
nitya-dasa prati tuya adhikara
 
 Slay me or protect me as You wish my Lord, for You are the master of Your eternal servant.
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Narada muni Travels to Dwarka

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jiaganj

Text 37-38
Aichhana lokera dukha dekhi mahamuni
Antare chintita haiya mone mone guni
Ghor kalikaale lokera na dekhi nistara
Bhromite bhromite gela Dwarkara daar
 
Translation –
Seeing the miserable condition of the people in general in this age of Kali, the great sage Narada, became thoughtful and began considering. Finding no way to rescue the people, Narada came wandering to the gates of Dwarka.
 
Text 39-40
Dwarka-r Thakura deva, deva shiramani
Satyabhama grihe sukhe banchiya rajani
Prabhate uthiya kaila ye bidhi uchit
Rukmini-r ghar jaba karila ingit
 
Translation –
The Lord of Dwarka (Sri Krishna) is the crest jewel of the masters of all demigods. Spending the last night happily at the palace of queen Satyabhama, the Lord performed His morning duties. Thereafter He hinted that He would be visiting the palace of Queen Rukmini.

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Chapter 2 – The Beginning of Chaitanya Mangala

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bhagawangola

Krishna decides to descend as a devotee

(Barari Raga- Disha)
 
Hari Rama Rama haya re haya (refrain)
Aalo muin Gaurar nichhani laiya mori
Gaura-rupera guner balai laiya
Bilaila Prema Gaura Jagata bhoriya
Aare re aare aare aare Haya re !
 
Translation –
O! O! O! I place my humble offerings before Lord Gauranga, who by the virtues of His beautiful form and exalted qualities , freely distributed the gift of ecstatic love of God to the entire world.
 
Text 1-4
Jaya Jaya Sri Krishna Chaitanya Nityananda
Jaya Jaya Advaita Acharya sukhananda
Gadadhara Pandita Jaya Jaya Narahari
Jaya Jaya Srinivasa-bhakti adhikari
Chaitanya Gosai yata priya bhaktagana
Sabhara charana hride kari-e bandana
Kahiba Chaitanya katha shuno savdhane
Avatara kaliyuge haila yemone
 
Translation –
All glories to Lord Gauranga and Sri Nityananda. All glories to Sri Advaita acharya, who is always happy and blissful.All glories to Sri Gadadhara Pandita, all glories to Sri Narahari Sarkara. All glories, all glories to Srinivasa (Srivasa pandita) who is an authority on devotional science.
Placing the feet of all the dear devotees of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu upon my heart, i worship them. Now please hear carefully, as i speak on the pastimes of Lord Gauranga, and how He incarnated in this age of Kali.
 
Text 5-6
Murari Gupta yeba Prabhu-tattva jane
Damodara Pandita pucchila tanra sthane
Kaha shuni ki lagi Gauranga avatara
Shunite ananda chite haiche amara
 
Translation –
Sri Svarupa Damodara Pandita (Mahaprabhu’s personal assistant) once asked Sri Murari Gupta, who knew the truth about Lord Chaitanya – ‘ Please tell me the reasons why Lord Gauranga had appeared in this world? My heart is filled with bliss to hear the answer’.
 
Text 7-8
Kene ba Shyama-varna tyaji haila Gaura-tanu
Kene ba kirtane luti , gaye loy renu
Kene ba nagara besh, chadiya sannyasa
Kene deshe deshe bule paiya hutash
 
Translation –
Why did He leave behind His dark complexion and accept the golden form of Lord Chaitanya ? Why does he roll on the ground on hearing Kirtana (singing of the holy names of the Lord) and allow His body to be covered with dust ?
Why did He leave His dress of a paramour and accept the robes of a mendicant ? Why ,alas, does He wander from one place to the other ?
 
Text 9-10
Kene kande Radha Radha Govinda baliya
Ghare ghare fiire kene prema jachaiya
Kahiba shakala katha parama nigura
Ya shunile tran paye akhilera mura
 
Translation –
Why does He cry calling out ‘Radha Govinda’ ? Why does He wander from one home to the other, freely distributing the love of God ? I (Locana das) shall narrate all of these confidential pastimes, hearing which , the ignorant people of this world will get delivered.
 
Purport –
Dristva madyati nutanambuda chayam samviksya barham bhaved
Atyantam vikalo vilokya valitam gunjavalim vepate
Driste shyama kisorake pi chakitam dhatte chamatkaritam
Ittham Gaura tanuh pracharita nija prema harih patu vah
(Chaitanya Chandramrita, Text 14)
 
When Lord Chaitanya saw new rain clouds ,He was reminded of Krishna (Syamasundara). Thus He became mad with love for Himself (He is Krishna Himself).When he saw a peacock feather, He became greatly agitated and seeing a gunja bracelet , He trembled. He became filled with fear and wonder seeing a dark-complexioned boy, whom He had thought to be Krishna. In this way Lord Gauranga preached the glories of pure devotional service unto Himself.
 
Text 11-12
Shuniya Murari Kahe shunoho pandita
Ei saba tattva toma kariba bidita
Satyayuge chari angsha dharma-shastre kahe
treta-te tribhag dharma ganana karoye
 
Translation –
Hearing Svarupa Damodara’s questions, Sri Murari Gupta replied, ‘O learned one ! I shall reveal to you all these truths. According to the revealed scriptures, during Satyayuga, dharma is manifested in all its four parts (completely manifested). In Treta yuga, only three-fourth of dharma is calculated to be manifested’.
 
Text 13-14
Dvapare ardheka dharma kahi ye tomare
Kaliyuge ek angsha dharmera vichare
Adharma barila-dharma haila ye kshin
Svadharma chharila, varna ashrama bihina
 
Translation –
(Murari continued) ‘I shall tell you that in the age of Dvapara, Dharma manifested only half of its full potency.And in the age of Kali, it only manifested its one-fourth potency. As sins became rampant, religiosity waned. People started rejecting rules and regulations and one’s own natural occupational duties.’
 
Purport –
In Satya Yuga, the religious principles are manifested fully. The four pillars of religiosity are mercy, austerity, cleanliness and truthfulness. In the subsequent ages or yugas, like treta and Dvapara, religiosity declines steadily. The age of Kali, which is the last in the cycle of the four yugas and which lasts 432000 years, religiosity only stands upon the pillar of truthfulness. The remaining qualities of mercy, austerity or cleanliness are hardly existent. As a result people of kali are very unfortunate and prone to sinful tendencies. As a consequence there is a widespread suffering that infests the world during this age.
But this present age of kali is very different because it is in this age that lord Chaitanya, the most merciful incarnation of the Supreme, has blessed the world with the divine touch of His lotus feet. He is the essence of all the manifestations and all the incarnations of the Supreme. Lord Gauranga has blessed us with His most sublime instructions and the most enchanting pastimes in this age of Kali. Hence this Kali yuga, is in essence the most fortunate of ages.
dhanye kalau sampravishte, Gaura leela manorama;
prakata bhavita hy etat, vyaktam tada bhavishyati
(Urdhvamnaya Tantra)

The advent of the age of Kali is most auspicious because in the near future the most wonderful and enchanting holy Pastimes of Lord Gauranga will be most openly and widely established and broadcasted.
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Brief Outline of Chaitanya Mangala

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Gauranga Bari katwa gtb

(Marhati Raga – Disha)
 
Text 63-64
Hari Rama Rama Gaurachand aare Prana mora haya
Prathame kahiba katha apurva kathan
Acharya Gosai kaila garvera vandana
Prithivite janama laila trijagata natha
Sangopango yata yata parishada satha
 
Translation –
Gauranchand (Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu) ,who is non different to Lord Hari and Lord Ramachandra, is my very life.
First of all I would recite the wonderful pastimes of how Sri Advaita Acharya worshipped Saci Mata’s womb. Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, the Lord of the three worlds, appeared on this earth along with His eternal associates.
 
Purport –
Srimad Bhagavatam states –
 
krishna-varnam tvishakrishnam sangopangastra-parshadam,yajnaih sankirtana-prayair yajanti hi sumedhasah (11.5.32)
 
In the age of Kali, intelligent persons perform congregational chanting to worship the incarnation of Godhead (Gauranga) who constantly sings the holy name of Krishna. Although His complexion is not blackish, He is Krishna Himself. He is accompanied by His associates, weapons , servants, and confidential companions.
 
When the Supreme Lord descends to this world, He descends along with all of His weapons, associates, servants and all of His incarnations as well.
 
Text 65-66
Mata pita balaka lalena yenamate
Annaprashana naame thuila harashite
Balya-charita katha kahiba bidhana
Shunya charane shuni nupura nishana
 
Translation –
Bringing the Lord up with utmost care, His mother (Sacidevi) and father (Jagannatha Mishra) subsequently performed Nimai’s grain eating and the name giving ceremony with great joy. I would recite the childhood pastimes of the Lord and how the people could hear the sounds of ankle bells from His feet, even when He wore none.
 
Text 67-68
Parashi asuchi deshe chale achambite
Apana maa-era jnana kahila yemate
Puranarigana kahe bujhite charita
Taar bole narikela anila tvarite
 
Translation –
Sometimes Nimai would touch unclean things and when His mother would try to stop Him, Nimai would speak bewildering words of philosophy.To test Him, the old village ladies would sometimes ask Him to fetch a coconut. Surprisingly, He would manifest one almost instantly.
 
Purport –
Nimai began exhibiting His blissful enchanting pastimes since He was a little boy. One day, Jagannath Mishra went far for some work and Nimai climbed upon some used clay pots that were utilised for cooking. When Nimai, with His golden complexion climbed upon these black pots, He seemed just like a golden champaka flower with these pots seeming like black bees hovering around Him. When Saci mata asked Him to get down from the place citing that it was unclean, little Nimai surprised everyone by speaking some deep philosophical subjects. Suddenly Nimai began saying that whichever place He sits upon becomes purified by His presence. Wherever He stays, the place becomes automatically sanctified. Ganges and all other places of pilgrimage naturally reside there. The conception of clean and unclean are a conditioned way of thinking. He added that as those pots were used to cook bhoga for Lord Vishnu, they could never become contaminated. On the contrary these pots were the most sanctified and they could purify everything simply by their touch. The people who had gathered over there to hear the ongoing discussion were astounded hearing little Nimai’s reply.By the influence of His illusory potency, no one could fathom the depth of his words though.
During this pastime,Nimai also expressed His keen desire to continue with His studies, which had by then been halted by Jagannatha Misra. Nimai said that how would He come to differentiate between clean and unclean things if He was not allowed to continue with His studies.It was after this pastime that little Nimai was allowed to resume His studies.
 
Text 69-70
Kukkura-shabaka laiya khelana thakura
Dekhiya shakala loka ananda prachura
Balakera shonge khela khele rajapathe
Gupta-bejha parakash dekhila yemate
 
Translation –
Seeing the Lord playing with a puppy, everyone was very much pleased.Murari Gupta watched the Lord play with His friends in the streets.
 
Text 71-72
Basakasahite hari-sankirtana-e nritya
Dekhiya shakala loka anandita chitto
Yena mate haate khari dile tara baap
Ya shunile duur hoi amangala taap
 
Translation –
All the people (of Nadia) greatly relished the Lord’s sankirtana pastimes with His friends. His father (Jagannatha Mishra) thereafter gave Nimai a chalk and taught Him how to write. Anyone who hears of this pastime, is relieved of all sufferings and inauspiciousness.
 
Purport –
Nimai’s childhood pastimes have been described in a greater detail in Adi Lila of Sri Chaitanya Mangala. The childhood pastimes of Nimai are especially sweet and heart melting. As Locana das Thakura confirms in this verse, contemplation and meditation upon these pastimes removes all inauspiciousness and fills one’s heart with love and ecstasy.
 
dhanye kalau sampravishte, Gaura leela manorama;
prakata bhavita hy etat, vyaktam tada bhavishyati
(Urdhvamnaya Tantra)
The advent of the age of Kali is most auspicious because in the near future the most wonderful and enchanting holy Pastimes of Lord Gauranga will be most openly and widely established and broadcasted.
 
Text 73-74
Tabeta kahiba katha shuno sabdhane
Khele Viswambhara-Viswarupa jyestha san-e
Indra-upendra yena dui sahadara
Kahiba tahara katha sunibe uttara
 
Translation –
Please listen carefully as i describe the wonderful childhood pastimes of how Viswambhara played with His elder brother Viswarupa. The two brothers resembled just like Indra and Upendra (Indra’s brother).I shall recite these pastimes and you shall relish them.
 
Purport –
Viswarupa was the elder brother of Lord Chaitanya.He accepted sannyasa at a very early age and left his home, when Nimai was a little child. Viswarupa’s sannyasa name was Sankararanya. He subsequently passed away at a place of pilgrimage known as Pandharpur, situated in western India.
 
Text 75-76
Viswarupa sannyasa karila yenamate
Viswambhara mata pita prabodhe kathate
Tabe to kahiba Viswambharera charita
Balakasahite khela khele viparita
 
Translation –
When Viswarupa accepted His sannyasa,Viswambhara consoled His father and mother. I shall narrate how Viswambhara performed His mischievous playful pastimes along with the other boys.
 
Text 77-78
Shakala balaka mili Jahnavira kule
Balukaya pakshapadachihna dekhi bule
Dekhiya tahara pita dukhi haila mana
Gharere aniya kaila tarjana garjana
 
Translation –
The Lord would play upon the bank of the Ganges along with the other boys. The Lord’s father (Jagannatha Misra) followed the footprints on the sand one day and found his son playing over there. He became very sad. Bringing Nimai back home, he rebuked him in a loud voice.
 
Text 79-80
Swapane tanhare kripa kaila yenamate
Kahiba shakala katha shuno ekchite
Karnabedha churakarana ara upabita
Kahiba shakala katha ananditachita
 
Translation –
Please listen attentively as i describe how Nimai bestowed His mercy (upon His father) in a dream. With a jubilant heart i shall narrate the Lord’s ear-piercing, hair-cutting, sacred thread and other ceremonies.
 
Text 81-82
Balya samadhana haile yauvana pravesha
Dine dine kare prema prakash aseshe
Guru sthane parilena satirthera sane
Bangajera kathaya parihasaye yemone
 
Translation –
Once His childhood was over, the Lord entered His youth. Day by day He began manifesting His intense love for God. He began studying at His teacher’s house along with His friends. The Lord used to make fun of the bengali dialect spoken by the students having their roots in East Bengal.
 
Purport –
There is a little difference in the bengali accents spoken by the people of East bengal (now Bangladesh) and the people of west Bengal. This difference gets more profound as one travels further east or further west. For example a bengali from Kolkata may find it really difficult to decipher the bengali spoken by a person originating from sylhet or chittagong. It is worthwhile mentioning at this point that though Mahaprabhu made fun of the bengali accents of the students from East bengal, yet His parents were originally from Sylhet, situated in East Bengal. Mahaprabhu was an expert in teasing others.
 
Text 83-84
Maa-e ajna dila ekadashi karibare
Anek prakash katha kahiba se-kaale
Henoyi samay Jagannatha paralaka
Kandoye yemate prabhu paiya pitrishoka
 
Translation –
He instructed His mother (Saci devi) to observe ekadashi vows. I shall narrate several important things when i discuss this pastime.During this time, Jagannatha Mishra passed away from this world and Nimai cried piteously at the loss of His father.
 
Purport –
There is a beautiful pastime in which Nimai begged His mother, to grant Him something in charity. When Srimati Saci devi agreed to grant Nimai a boon, Lord Viswambhara begged her to fast from grains on ekadashi. From that day onwards Saci devi happily gave up eating grains on an ekadashi day. In this way Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu introduced the system of observing a fast on the ekadashi day, since His very childhood.
 
Text 85-86
Tabeto kahiba katha aparupa ara
Vivaha karila prabhu ananda apara
Ganga darsane ara ye haila rahasya
Savdhabe shuno iha kahiba abashya
 
Translation –
I shall narrate to you the beautiful pastimes of the Lord’s marriage, which had bestowed unlimited bliss upon everyone. I shall reveal to you the confidential incident that had occured while the Lord was on His way to the Ganges. Please listen to it carefully, as i shall definitely tell you this story.
 
Text 87-88
Purva-desh gamana kahiba bhalomate
Lakshmi-swarga-arohana haila yenamate
deshere ashiya punah vivaha karila
Sishye vidyadan diya gaya-re chalila
 
Translation –
I shall nicely explain the Lord’s journey to His ancestral home (in Bangladesh). It was at this time that Lakshmipriya devi passed away from this world. On returning, Mahaprabhu married once again. After imparting education unto His students, He left for Gaya.
 
Purport –
After Lakshmipriya devi (Nimai Pandita’s first wife) had passed away, suffering an intense separation from her husband, Saci mata endeavored to get Nimai married for the second time.Sri Sanatana Mishra was a pious and charitable brahmana of Navadvipa.He was exceedingly educated and being a great scholar ,had received the title of ‘Raja Pandita’.The Gaura gannoddesha Deepika reveals that Sanatana Misra was the incarnation of King Satrajit. His daughter ,Srimati Vishnupriya devi was a chaste ,beautiful woman of noble character. She embodied all the divine qualities of Lakshmi devi.
 
Tanra kanya aachen parama Sucharita
Murtimati Lakshmi-praya sei jaganmata
(Sri Chaitanya Bhagavata)
 
Saci devi used to meet Vishnupriya at the bathing Ghat of the ganges everyday.She noted the exalted qualities of the girl, and decided that Vishnupriya was the perfect match for her son Nimai.Deciding thus, Saci Mata approached Sri Kashinath Pandita, who mediated between the two families and the marriage was soon fixed.
Sri Buddhimanta Khan, an eternal associate of Mahaprabhu, was a wealthy gentleman of Navadvipa. He was the incarnation of King Suvarna Sena, who in the previous yugas, had ruled over these lands.Suvarna Vihara, the place where Suvarna Sen’s palace once stood, can be taken darsana of at Godrumadvipa till this day. Ancient relics of prehistoric architecture have been excavated from this place that tell a tale of an opulent past.Sri Buddhimanta Khan, subsequently bore the entire expense of Mahaprabhu and Vishnupriya devi’s marriage.
 
Text 89-90
Pratyeke kahiba iha shuno sarvajana
Anek ananda pabe, na chharo jatana
Desh agaman katha kahiba vishesh
Prema prakashaye-nirantara rashabesh
 
Translation –
I shall narrate these pastimes to everyone ; so please listen to them attentively. One shall obtain a lot of transcendental bliss upon hearing them carefully.I shall recite how the Lord returned to West bengal and manifested symptoms of ecstatic spiritual love, and how He always remained plunged in a nectar of transcendental mellows.
 
Text 91-92
Madhyakhanda-katha bhai anek ananda
Shunite pulaka bandhe amiyara khanda
Bhakta sandarshana katha premar prakash
Kahibar aage uthe hridoye ullash
 
Translation –
The pastimes described in Madhya Khanda (of this book) are full of transcendental bliss. One who hears of them has the hairs of his body standing on its end. The section is filled with sweet nectar. By discussing these pastimes in the association of devotees, one develops transcendental love of God.Hence, even before i attempt to recite them i feel great ecstasy arising within my heart.
 
Purport –
Sri Locana das Thakura has divided Chaitanya Mangala into the following parts – Sutra Khanda, Adi Khanda, Madhya Khanda and Sesh Khanda. Sutra Khanda primarily deals with the celestial pastimes preceding the advent of Lord Gauranga.Adi Khanda deals with the Lord’s childhood pastimes and pastimes in His youth. Madhya Khanda recites the pastimes of Mahaprabhu till His journey to South India.The later pastimes of Mahaprabhu have been recited in Sesh Khanda.
 
Text 93-94
Madhya-khanda katha bhai nadiya-vihar
Amiyar dhara yena premar prachara
Ati aparupa leela prakashila prabhu
Chari yuge adbhut katha nahi shune kabhu
 
Translation –
O Brother! The pastimes described in Madhya Khanda (of Chaitanya Mangala) talks about the Lord’s activities in Nadiya. These pastimes wherein the Lord preached love of God ,are just like incessant streams of nectar. Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu manifested the most wonderful incomparable pastimes, never heard before in any of the four yugas.
 
Purport –
‘Avatara sar Gaura avatara’. Lord Chaitanya is the essence of all the incarnations of the Supreme. His blissful transcendental body is saturated with ecstatic love of God, merely by seeing which, one receives the pure love of God.
 
The Navadvipa dham mahatmya states –
‘ara eka gudha katha suna sarva jana, kali jive yogya vastu Gaura leela dhana’
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The source of Chaitanya Mangala

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srikhanda gtb

(Varari raga – Disha)

Text 46
(refrain) Pranabhhaya nibedon nibedon nija katha
Kire ki aare ki ore prana hoy
Aage ashirvada mango, yata yata mahabhaga
Tabe se gaiba guna gatha
Aare re haya haya
Mo chhar adhamadhama ki janimun tattva
Gaura guna charitrera ki kaba mahatva
 
Translation –
O my dear brother,first of all let me seek blessings of all the mahabhagavatas (great devotees). Only then i shall be able to sing glories of the Lord. I am fallen and the lowest of the lowly persons. How can i possibly understand the spiritual truth about Sri Gauranga’s transcendental personality or the glories of His amazing pastimes.
 
Purport –
It is only by the mercy of Sri Guru , the Vaishnavas and Lord Gauranga, that one can make any significant progress in his/her spiritual life. It is by the mercy of the spiritual master, who is a pure devotee of the Lord, and by the mercy of Sri Krishna or Lord Gauranga, the Supreme Lord, that the seeds of devotion get planted in one’s heart (Brahmanda bhromite kono bhagyavan jiva, Guru Krishnera kripay paya bhakti lata bija).
 
There are nine stages of spiritual advancement in the life of a practitioner (in the following order)-
sraddha (faith),Sadhu-sanga (association of devotees) ,Bhajana-kriya (performance of devotional service),anartha nivrtti (decreasing of unwanted attachments),nistha (steadiness),ruchi (taste),ashakti (attachment),bhava (love), prema (pure love for Gauranga).
 
The progress through the above nine stages depends upon the causeless mercy of the Lord and the spiritual master. Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is the most magnanimous incarnation of the Supreme Lord and He bestows this special mercy very freely upon all. Though this mercy is causeless, yet one who places himself/herself in the most favourable position to receive it ,stands the best chance of obtaining His mercy. We can place ourselves in this favourable position by meditating upon Lord Gauranga, His blissful pastimes, chanting the Hare Krishna Mahamantra daily as per His instructions and preaching His glories to whoever we meet.
 
The ideal example of such a preacher is Lord Nityananda, who used to go about from door to door, holding straws between His teeth, begging people to worship Lord Gauranga (amare kiniya loho bhajo Gaurahari).
Even the drunkards Jagai and Madhai, who hurled broken pots at Him, and tried to kill Him, did not discourage Nitai from preaching the glories of Lord Gauranga to them. As a result, these two sinful drunkards, were ultimately delivered and by the mercy of Lord Chaitanya and Nityananda, they received the ecstatic love of Godhead.
 
Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura (renowned as the seventh Goswami) writes in Samalochana, Sajjana Tosani
 
ati alpa dinera madhei mahaprabhu sarva desa vyapi haiya eka matra upasya-tattva haitechen. Continue reading


Chapter 1 – Vandana (Prayers of Invocation)

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baradanga

Text 1
Bhaktipremamahargha-ratnanikara tyagen santoshayan
Bhaktan bhaktajanatinishkritibidhou purnabatirna kalou
Pashgun parichuyarnan trijagatang hunkarabajrankurei
Srimannyasasiromanirbijoyatang Chaitanya rupa prabhu
 
Translation
All glories to Sri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, the crest jewel of all sannyasis, who appears in this age of Kali to bestow the greatest treasure of pure love of God unto the surrendered souls.He appears in His complete form and delivers the devotees showering upon them this rare gift of prema bhakti. By roaring like a thunderbolt, He crushes the atheists to dust.
 
Purport –
Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, the Supreme Personality of Godhead ,had mercifully appeared at Yogpeeth (in Mayapur) about 500 years ago (in the year 1486 AD), in order to bless us with His most wonderful,deep and ecstatic pastimes.He had appeared to reveal that devotional service unto Him is the highest perfection of life. The identity of Lord Chaitanya as the Supreme Personality of Godhead can be verified in a number of Vedic scriptures like Srimad Bhagavatam,Mahabharata, Garuda Purana,Nrsimha Purana, Padma purana,Bhavishya Purana, Narada Purana etc. We are quoting just two of such references below, for the pleasure of the devotees.
 
aham purno bhavisyami yuga sandhyau visesatah
mayapure navadvipe bhavisyami saci sutah
(Garuda Purana)
 
– In the future, in first part of Kali yuga, I shall appear in my complete spiritual form at Mayapur, Navadvipa and become the son of Saci.
 
The mission of the Lord,along with a description of His golden complexion and how He descends along with His confidential associates in this age of Kali ,to inaugurate the Sankirtana Yajna is revealed in Srimad Bhagavatam (Bhagavata purana) –
 
Krishna varnam tvishakrishnam sangopangastra-parsadam
yajnaih sankirtana prayair yajanti hi sumedhasah
(Srimad Bhagavatam 11.5.32)
 
Lord Chaitanya though, except for a few rare occasions, had never revealed His identity as the Supreme Lord.He forever remained absorbed in His mood as a devotee of Lord Krishna.There were several reasons for Lord Chaitanya to appear in this world. Sri Krishna after enacting the sweet pastimes of Vrindavana, pondered over how He had not bestowed the science of unalloyed devotion unto the Supreme, for a long long time.The entire world worships Him in a mood of reverence, strictly following the rules and regulations ordained in the scriptures.However such a worship does not please Him very much ,as spontaneous loving attachment, which is the very essence of a relationship, is absent in such a form of worship.

Aishwarya jnanete saba jagat misrita
Aishwarya sithila preme nahi mora prita
(Chaitanya Caritamrta, adi -3.16)
 
The general populace is very much aware of the six absolute opulences of the Supreme Lord (strength, beauty,wealth, knowledge, fame, renunciation) and hence they visualize and worship the Lord reverentially in His opulent form.Though one who worships this opulent form of the Lord achieves liberation and a destination in the Vaikuntha planets (spiritual world), yet such a person, is largely ignorant of the ecstatic sweet mellows as experienced by the elevated devotees of Vrindavana. The devotees of Vrindavana are always immersed in a mood of spontaneous loving relationship with the Supreme.The Lord now wanted to freely bestow this Supreme benediction of unalloyed devotional service, the highest ecstasy of spirituality, the treasure of the residents of Vrajabhumi ,to one and all. He wanted to distribute this Supreme science of Krishna consciousness, receiving which nothing else remains to be achieved, to all the fallen souls of this age of Kali, irrespective of their caste,creed or qualification. Understanding this deep mood and mission of the Lord ,Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura has foretold in Samalochana, Sajjana Tosani –
 
ati alpa dinera madhei mahaprabhu sarva desa vyapi haiya eka matra upasya-tattva haitechen.
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