Category Archives: Chaitanya Mangala Sutra Khanda

Vishnu-Katyayani samvada

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(Bivas raga – tripadi)
 
Text 261
Bole pahun lahun bole, naha devi utrole
Eki haye tor vyavahar
Tor maya bondhe andha, shakala samsara khanda
Tenyi sristi achhoye amar
 
Translation –
Lord Narayana spoke in a sweet voice ,’ O goddess do not be in ignorance. What you wish shall definitely happen. The ropes of your illusion has kept everyone in this material world blinded. I create this material world through you’.
 
Purport –
Lord Krishna says in Bhagavad Gita :
 
mayadhyaksena prakritih
suyate sa characharam
hetunanena kaunteya
jagad viparivartate
  
O son of Kunti, this material nature is working under My direction, and it is producing all moving and unmoving beings accordingly. By its rule this manifestation is created and annihilated again and again. Continue reading


Narada muni visits Kailash

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hamsa vahan gtb

Mor pran Gaurachand nare haya (refrain)

Translation –
Lord Gaurachand is my very life and soul.
 
Text 158-159
Chalila narada muni vina gaya guna
Shuniya bihavala hiya pore punah punah
Kshaneke rodon , kshane atta atta hash
Kshane kanpe, kshane kshane , adha adha bhash
 
Translation –
Playing upon his vina and singing the Lord’s glories, Narada muni continued with his journey. Hearing these glories, his heart became overwhelmed and he fell down again and again being imbued with ecstatic love. Momentarily he would cry, the next moment he would laugh out loud. Sometimes his whole body trembled and at times, his voice got choked up and he spoke with faltering voice.
 
Purport –
These symptoms of ecstasy are very common in advanced devotees and are usually manifested when they come in contact with the Lord or any of His close associates. There are eight such ecstatic symptoms that are observed in human beings – 1. being stopped as though dumb; 2. perspiration 3. standing up of hairs on the body 4. dislocation of voice 5. trembling 6. fading of the body 7. crying in ecstasy and 8. trance
 
Text 160-161
Kshane hunkara chhare ,mare malsat
Gaura Gaura boli kande, antara uchat
Pasharite nare Gaurar sumadhura prema
Anga jhalamala tyejah, dinakara jeno
 
Translation –
At moments Narada would roar and slap his own arms just like a wrestler, crying out ‘Gaura Gaura’ in a state of intense internal ecstasy. It was impossible for Narada to forget the exceedingly charming form of Mahaprabhu, filled with ecstatic love, and more dazzling than the sun.
 
Text 162-163
Chalite na paare preme antara ullash
Ankhira nimikhe gela shivera kailash
Mahesh dekhiba boli barila ananda
Kahiba Krishnera katha kariya prabandha
 
Translation –
Narada couldn’t even walk ,being overcome with the intense ecstatic love that filled his heart. Within a twinkling of an eye, he reached the abode of Lord Shiva in Kailash. Thinking that he would soon be able to see Lord Shiva increased Narada’s bliss. He was eager to narrate all he had heard from Lord Krishna.
 
Text 164-165
Aichhana ananda-katha nahi teenloke
Vrindavana dhana prakashiba kaliyuge
Ye prema yachoye Shiva birinchi ananta
Bilashiba kaliyuge adhama duranta
 
Translation –
There is nothing as blissful as these words in the entire three worlds. The Supreme Lord will manifest the treasure of Vrindavana in this age of Kali. That same pure ecstatic love which Shiva, Brahma and Ananta Sesha beg to attain, the Supreme Lord will distribute it freely to the lowest of the sinners in this age of kali.
 
Purport –
‘Gaurangera duti pada, yar dhana sampada, se jane bhakti rasa sar’ – One who treasures the lotus feet of Lord Gauranga in his heart, knows the very essence of devotional science.
 
Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is the most magnanimous incarnation of the Supreme Lord. He freely distributes His mercy without judging any qualifications of the person whom He is showering His blessings upon.
 
At the same time ,Lord Chaitanya’s mercy is very unique. One who receives His mercy, can experience the highest ecstasy of love of God. The realization of this pure ecstatic love of the Supreme is extremely rare. This is something which the people of the previous yugas (Satya, Treta, Dvapara) could not receive even by means of performing severe austerities for thousands of years, performing grand sacrifices or even elaborate deity worship. This is rare even for the great demigods like Brahma, Shiva and Indra, who forever hanker to receive it.
The supreme Lord in His form as Sri Krishna rarely ever bestows this kind of special mercy. He gives it to His intimate associates or the gopis of Vrindavana. But Sri Chaitanya bestows this rare treasure of love of God, to one and all, freely, without any consideration. Hence Sri Chaitanya is the essence of all the incarnations of the supreme – ‘Avatara sar Gaura avatara’. One who gets this special mercy receives the pure love of God, receiving which there remains nothing else to be achieved. Obtaining the pure ecstatic love of God is the highest perfection of human life.
 
Srila Prabodhananda Sarasvati sings :
 
alaukikya premonmada rasa vilasa prathanaya
na yah sri Govindanuchara saciveshv esu kritisu
mahascharyam premotsavam api hadhad datari na yan
matir Gaure saksat para iha sa mudho nara pasuh
(Chaitanya Chandramrita, Text 40)
 
 The supreme lord Gauranga is the greatest philanthropist who wonderfully performs His transcendental pastimes thereby freely distributing to one and all the pure love of God, which is rarely attained even by the principal associates of Lord Govinda. Thus a person whose mind is not rapt in meditation of Lord Gauranga is certainly a bewildered fool, and an animal in the guise of a man.
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Narada Muni visits Naimisharanya

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halisahar

Text 119-120
Ki dekhilun Gaura-rupa aparupa thham
Ki dekhilun sakaruna aruna nayan
Ki dekhilun amiya adhika parakash
Ki dekhilun srimukher madhurima hash
 
Translation –
(Narada Muni thought) ‘O what an unparalleled beautiful form have I just seen in the form of Lord Gauranga. O what wonderful compassionate eyes ,that appear reddish like the rising sun, did I just see. O what a profuse expression ,that is even sweeter than nectar, did I see. O What a sweet smile did I see on His beautiful face’.

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Power of Lord Krishna’s lotus feet

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dhameshwar Mahaprabhu

(Dhanashi Raga – Dirgha chhanda)
 
Text 64-65
Bole devi Rukmini , shuno prabhu gunamani
Chitte na bhabio kichhu aan
Ja laagi kandiye aami, se katha na jano tumi
Ara jata jata saba gyan
Tuya charana kamale, ki achhe katek bol-e
Bhalo na janoho tumi iha
E pada amara ghare, chadiya jabe anyatare
Ta laagi kandiye mor hiya
 
Translation –
Rukmini devi said,’O Lord (Krishna) , who is a jewel of virtues, please listen to Me. You cannot feel it in Your heart the reason why I am weeping. You do not know this, although everything else is known to You.You do not properly know the power of Your lotus feet. This same lotus feet will eventually leave my house and go somewhere else – this is why my heart cries’
 
Purport –
The love that a devotee feels for the supreme Lord when He/She is in His separation (vipralambha) is many times more intense and more developed than the love that the same devotee feels in the association of the Lord (Sambhoga). This is a great confidential subject matter. The Gopis of Vrindavana were in a state of greater transcendental ecstasy living in separation from Krishna, than living in His association in Vrindavana. Similarly, the residents of Navadvipa felt their love for Nimai increase many folds once He accepted sannyasa and left Navadvipa. The residents of Ayodhya felt a more intense love for Lord Ramachandra when He was banished to the forest and when He lived away from them. A devotee ,however, always hankers for the Lord’s association and does not want to leave Him at any moment. However, the Lord at times apparently goes away from His dear devotees so as to increase their love for Him, many folds.
This love in separation is very much exhibited in the later pastimes of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, who although being the supreme Lord , had descended as His own devotee. Relishing the mood of Srimati Radharani, Lord Gauranga, cried day and night feeling an intense separation from Sri Krishna. Visualizing the sea as yamuna, the Chataka parvata as Govardhan, or a tamala tree as Lord Krishna, Mahaprabhu remained immersed in the mood of an apparently suffering Radhika, whose love for Lord Krishna (living in His separation) had reached the peak of transcendental ecstasy.
 
Text 66-67
E pada-padam gandhe, jay jei digante
Sedik chharoye jara mrityu
Pada-makaranda pane, jiye jei jei jane
Tare kiba diba nishi ritu
padapadma-padmarage , je dhoroye anurage
Tar pada pai punyabhage
Kandiya kohiye katha, jata achhe mon-o byatha
Sab nibedoye tuya aage
 
Translation –
(Rukmini devi continued) ‘In whichever direction the fragrance of Your lotus feet spreads, old age and death abandons it.He, who lives drinking and relishing the nectar of Your lotus feet, cares for neither day nor night nor any passing season.The feet of one, who lovingly clasps onto the reddish lotus feet of Yours (Krishna), can be obtained only by good fortune. Weeping, I humbly narrate all of that, which causes my heart to be filled with pain’
 
Purport –
This is the meditation of those who have realized that Gauranga prema(love) is the highest form of spiritual practice and the sole objective of one’s existence :
 
kandarpad api sundarah surasarit purad aho pavanah
sitamsor api shitalah sumadhuroh madhvika sarad api
data kalpa mahiruhad api maha snigdho jananya api
premna Gaura harih kada nu hrdi me dhyatuh padah dhasyati
(Chaitanya Chandramrita, Text 72)
 
When will Lord Gaurahari, who is unlimitedly more beautiful than Cupid, infinitely more purifying than the celestial Ganges, more soothing than millions of moons, sweeter than madhavika nectar, more charitable and generous than the celestial desire creepers, and more affectionate than millions of mothers , appear in my meditation and lovingly place His lotus feet upon my heart ?
 
Text 68-69
tumi Thakura sabhakara, tomara thakura ara
Ke achhe shakala samsare
Yanr pada anurage, e rasa aswad pabe
Ei ponhu nibedoye tore
Radhamatra jane iha , o rasa piriti paiya
Yata sukh yateke sohaag
Bhakata bismaya gune, ei katha ratri dine
Ki na rasa prema anurag
 
Translation –
‘You are the master of all in this entire creation. There is no one superior to You.Whoever is devoted and loves Your lotus feet, tastes this sweet nectar. Besides Me,only Srimati Radharani knows how to relish the mellows of love and taste this highest transcendental ecstasy.The devotees are struck with wonder contemplating day and night about the unique qualities and the ecstatic love that Radharani feels for You’.
 
Text 70-71
Brahma adi deva-devi, lakshmi-charana-sevi
Se pan apana anurage
Kara kamale kamala, ati arati bihavala
Tuya pada-padme madhu mange
Se punah hridaye rahi, sajjay sutoye nahi
Badane badan rahu roma
Epada madhuri aashe, seho taha nahi base
Keba kahu charana mahima
 
Translation –
‘All the demigods headed by Lord Brahma, including Lakshmi devi,who serves Your lotus feet, all yearn to receive this ecstatic love for You. Devi kamala (goddess Lakshmi), whose hands are like lotus flowers, who is always overwhelmed with a deep love for You, begs the nectar of Your lotus feet. She (Lakshmi devi) forever remains in your chest and sleeps with you in the same bed. Being Your beloved, She is able to keep Her face upon Yours. Yet She yearns for the sweetness of Your feet. Who can describe the unlimited glories of Your feet ?’
 
Purport –
For a devotee, the lotus feet of the Lord are His most powerful manifestations. Worshipping the Lord’s feet also signifies that a devotee is subservient to the Supreme Lord. Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura encaptures this subservient mood of a devotee :
 
marobi rakhobi – jo ichha tohara
nitya-dasa prati tuya adhikara
 
 Slay me or protect me as You wish my Lord, for You are the master of Your eternal servant.
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Narada muni Travels to Dwarka

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jiaganj

Text 37-38
Aichhana lokera dukha dekhi mahamuni
Antare chintita haiya mone mone guni
Ghor kalikaale lokera na dekhi nistara
Bhromite bhromite gela Dwarkara daar
 
Translation –
Seeing the miserable condition of the people in general in this age of Kali, the great sage Narada, became thoughtful and began considering. Finding no way to rescue the people, Narada came wandering to the gates of Dwarka.
 
Text 39-40
Dwarka-r Thakura deva, deva shiramani
Satyabhama grihe sukhe banchiya rajani
Prabhate uthiya kaila ye bidhi uchit
Rukmini-r ghar jaba karila ingit
 
Translation –
The Lord of Dwarka (Sri Krishna) is the crest jewel of the masters of all demigods. Spending the last night happily at the palace of queen Satyabhama, the Lord performed His morning duties. Thereafter He hinted that He would be visiting the palace of Queen Rukmini.

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Chapter 2 – The Beginning of Chaitanya Mangala

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bhagawangola

Krishna decides to descend as a devotee

(Barari Raga- Disha)
 
Hari Rama Rama haya re haya (refrain)
Aalo muin Gaurar nichhani laiya mori
Gaura-rupera guner balai laiya
Bilaila Prema Gaura Jagata bhoriya
Aare re aare aare aare Haya re !
 
Translation –
O! O! O! I place my humble offerings before Lord Gauranga, who by the virtues of His beautiful form and exalted qualities , freely distributed the gift of ecstatic love of God to the entire world.

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The source of Chaitanya Mangala

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srikhanda gtb

(Varari raga – Disha)

Text 46
(refrain) Pranabhhaya nibedon nibedon nija katha
Kire ki aare ki ore prana hoy
Aage ashirvada mango, yata yata mahabhaga
Tabe se gaiba guna gatha
Aare re haya haya
Mo chhar adhamadhama ki janimun tattva
Gaura guna charitrera ki kaba mahatva
 
Translation –
O my dear brother,first of all let me seek blessings of all the mahabhagavatas (great devotees). Only then i shall be able to sing glories of the Lord. I am fallen and the lowest of the lowly persons. How can i possibly understand the spiritual truth about Sri Gauranga’s transcendental personality or the glories of His amazing pastimes.
 
Purport –
It is only by the mercy of Sri Guru , the Vaishnavas and Lord Gauranga, that one can make any significant progress in his/her spiritual life. It is by the mercy of the spiritual master, who is a pure devotee of the Lord, and by the mercy of Sri Krishna or Lord Gauranga, the Supreme Lord, that the seeds of devotion get planted in one’s heart (Brahmanda bhromite kono bhagyavan jiva, Guru Krishnera kripay paya bhakti lata bija).
 
There are nine stages of spiritual advancement in the life of a practitioner (in the following order)-
sraddha (faith),Sadhu-sanga (association of devotees) ,Bhajana-kriya (performance of devotional service),anartha nivrtti (decreasing of unwanted attachments),nistha (steadiness),ruchi (taste),ashakti (attachment),bhava (love), prema (pure love for Gauranga).
 
The progress through the above nine stages depends upon the causeless mercy of the Lord and the spiritual master. Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is the most magnanimous incarnation of the Supreme Lord and He bestows this special mercy very freely upon all. Though this mercy is causeless, yet one who places himself/herself in the most favourable position to receive it ,stands the best chance of obtaining His mercy. We can place ourselves in this favourable position by meditating upon Lord Gauranga, His blissful pastimes, chanting the Hare Krishna Mahamantra daily as per His instructions and preaching His glories to whoever we meet.
 
The ideal example of such a preacher is Lord Nityananda, who used to go about from door to door, holding straws between His teeth, begging people to worship Lord Gauranga (amare kiniya loho bhajo Gaurahari).
Even the drunkards Jagai and Madhai, who hurled broken pots at Him, and tried to kill Him, did not discourage Nitai from preaching the glories of Lord Gauranga to them. As a result, these two sinful drunkards, were ultimately delivered and by the mercy of Lord Chaitanya and Nityananda, they received the ecstatic love of Godhead.
 
Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura (renowned as the seventh Goswami) writes in Samalochana, Sajjana Tosani
 
ati alpa dinera madhei mahaprabhu sarva desa vyapi haiya eka matra upasya-tattva haitechen. Continue reading


Chapter 1 – Vandana (Prayers of Invocation)

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baradanga

Text 1
Bhaktipremamahargha-ratnanikara tyagen santoshayan
Bhaktan bhaktajanatinishkritibidhou purnabatirna kalou
Pashgun parichuyarnan trijagatang hunkarabajrankurei
Srimannyasasiromanirbijoyatang Chaitanya rupa prabhu
 
Translation
All glories to Sri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, the crest jewel of all sannyasis, who appears in this age of Kali to bestow the greatest treasure of pure love of God unto the surrendered souls.He appears in His complete form and delivers the devotees showering upon them this rare gift of prema bhakti. By roaring like a thunderbolt, He crushes the atheists to dust.
 
Purport –
Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, the Supreme Personality of Godhead ,had mercifully appeared at Yogpeeth (in Mayapur) about 500 years ago (in the year 1486 AD), in order to bless us with His most wonderful,deep and ecstatic pastimes.He had appeared to reveal that devotional service unto Him is the highest perfection of life. The identity of Lord Chaitanya as the Supreme Personality of Godhead can be verified in a number of Vedic scriptures like Srimad Bhagavatam,Mahabharata, Garuda Purana,Nrsimha Purana, Padma purana,Bhavishya Purana, Narada Purana etc. We are quoting just two of such references below, for the pleasure of the devotees.
 
aham purno bhavisyami yuga sandhyau visesatah
mayapure navadvipe bhavisyami saci sutah
(Garuda Purana)
 
– In the future, in first part of Kali yuga, I shall appear in my complete spiritual form at Mayapur, Navadvipa and become the son of Saci.
 
The mission of the Lord,along with a description of His golden complexion and how He descends along with His confidential associates in this age of Kali ,to inaugurate the Sankirtana Yajna is revealed in Srimad Bhagavatam (Bhagavata purana) –
 
Krishna varnam tvishakrishnam sangopangastra-parsadam
yajnaih sankirtana prayair yajanti hi sumedhasah
(Srimad Bhagavatam 11.5.32)
 
Lord Chaitanya though, except for a few rare occasions, had never revealed His identity as the Supreme Lord.He forever remained absorbed in His mood as a devotee of Lord Krishna.There were several reasons for Lord Chaitanya to appear in this world. Sri Krishna after enacting the sweet pastimes of Vrindavana, pondered over how He had not bestowed the science of unalloyed devotion unto the Supreme, for a long long time.The entire world worships Him in a mood of reverence, strictly following the rules and regulations ordained in the scriptures.However such a worship does not please Him very much ,as spontaneous loving attachment, which is the very essence of a relationship, is absent in such a form of worship.

Aishwarya jnanete saba jagat misrita
Aishwarya sithila preme nahi mora prita
(Chaitanya Caritamrta, adi -3.16)
 
The general populace is very much aware of the six absolute opulences of the Supreme Lord (strength, beauty,wealth, knowledge, fame, renunciation) and hence they visualize and worship the Lord reverentially in His opulent form.Though one who worships this opulent form of the Lord achieves liberation and a destination in the Vaikuntha planets (spiritual world), yet such a person, is largely ignorant of the ecstatic sweet mellows as experienced by the elevated devotees of Vrindavana. The devotees of Vrindavana are always immersed in a mood of spontaneous loving relationship with the Supreme.The Lord now wanted to freely bestow this Supreme benediction of unalloyed devotional service, the highest ecstasy of spirituality, the treasure of the residents of Vrajabhumi ,to one and all. He wanted to distribute this Supreme science of Krishna consciousness, receiving which nothing else remains to be achieved, to all the fallen souls of this age of Kali, irrespective of their caste,creed or qualification. Understanding this deep mood and mission of the Lord ,Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura has foretold in Samalochana, Sajjana Tosani –
 
ati alpa dinera madhei mahaprabhu sarva desa vyapi haiya eka matra upasya-tattva haitechen.
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