Kali Yuga and its savior – Chaitanya Mahaprabhu | Chaitanya Upanishad

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chaitanya mahaprabhu childhood pastimes kali yuga

Chaitanya Upanishad has been excerpted by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura from the sacred texts of the Atharva Veda. The Thakura searched the length and breadth of Bengal to obtain an original copy of this rare manuscript that describes the unique position, advent of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, and how He is our savior from the evil influences of Kali Yuga. He was finally provided with a copy of this original hand-written manuscript from Pandita Madhusudana Maharaja, of Sambala Pura. The texts along with their English translations is provided below.

Verse 1

atha pippaladah samit panir bhagavantam brahmanam upasanno
bhagavan me subham kim atra caksvasveti

Carrying firewood in his hands, Pippalada humbly approached his father, Lord Brahma, and inquired: “O my Lord, please tell me how I may attain an auspicious life.”

Verse 2

sa hovaca
bhuya eva tapasa brahmacaryena sasvat ramasva mano vaseti

Lord Brahma answered, “Always be very satisfied with austerity, celibacy, and control of the mind. In this way you shall attain all auspiciousness in your life”

Verse 3

sa tatha bhutva bhuya enam upasadyaha- bhagavan kalau papac channah prajah katham mucyeran iti

Pippalada obeyed these instructions, and after having become pure in his heart and mind, he again approached Brahma, his father, and asked, “O Lord, please explain how the sinful living entities of Kali-yuga may be delivered.”

Verse 4

ko va devata ko va mantro bhuhiti

Please reveal to me which deity or which Mantra they should serve in order to become delivered.

Verse 5

rahasyam te vadisyami-jahnavi-tire navadvipe golokakhye dhamni govindo dvi-bhujo gaurah sarvatma maha-puruso mahatma maha-yogi tri-gunatitah satva-rupo bhakti loke kasyatiti, tad ete sloka bhavanti

Lord Brahma replied, “Listen carefully, for I shall reveal to you a confidential truth. Govinda, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the supreme enjoyer, whose form is transcendental, who is beyond the jurisdiction of the three modes of material nature, and who is the all-pervading Supersoul residing in the hearts of living entities, shall appear again in the age of Kali. Appearing as the greatest devotee, the Supreme Lord will assume a two-armed form of golden complexion in His abode of Goloka Vrindavana that is manifest on the bank of the Ganges at Navadvipa. He will broadcast pure devotional service in the world. This incarnation of the Lord (Gauranga) is explained in the following verses”.

childhood pastimes of chaitanya mahaprabhu kali yuga

Verse 6

eko devah sarva rupi mahatma
gauro rakta shyamala shveta rupah
Chaitanyatma sa vai Chaitanya shaktir
bhaktakaro bhakti do bhakti vedyah

The one Supreme Lord appears in innumerable transcendental forms. He has appeared with red, black, and white complexions, and He shall also appear in the golden form of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, who may only be known by pure devotional service. He shall assume the role of the perfect devotee, and shall disseminate the path of pure devotional service.

Verse 7

namo vedanta-vedyaya
krishnaya paramatmane
sarva-Chaitanya-rupaya
Chaitanyaya namo namah

I offer my respectful obeisances unto Lord Sri Krishna, the all-conscious all-pervading Supreme Lord, who is known by the study of Vedanta. He appears as Lord Chaitanya unto whom I offer my respectful obeisances.

Verse 8

vedanta-vedyam purusham puranam
Chaitanyatmanam vishva-yonim mahantam
tam eva viditvati-mrityum eti
nanyah pantha vidyate yanaya

Knowing that Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is understood by the study of Vedanta, who is the primal cause of the material creation, who is the oldest, the original person – one crosses beyond this world of birth and death. There is no other way for one to achieve liberation.

Verse 9

sva-nama-mula-mantrena sarvam hladayati vibhuh

The all-powerful Supreme Lord will permeate the entire creation with transcendental bliss by chanting of His own holy names.

Verse 10

dve shakti parame tasya hladini samvid eva ca iti

The Supreme Lord manifests two of His transcendental potencies – hladini (devotional bliss) and samvit (transcendental knowledge).

Verse 11

sa eva mula-mantram japati harir iti krishna iti rama iti

He chants the original mantra consisting of the names of Hari, Krishna, and Rama (or the Hare Krishna Mahamantra).

Verse 12

harati hridaya-granthim vasana-rupam iti harih. krishih smarane tac ca nas tad-ubhaya-melanam iti krishnah. ramayati sarvam iti rama ananda-rupah atra shloko bhavati

These three names of the Supreme Lord (Hari, Krishna, and Rama) may be explained as follows – (1) ‘Hari’ translates to ‘He who removes (harati) the knot of material desire from the hearts of living entities’. (2) ‘Krishna’ consists of two root words ‘Krish’ and ‘na’. ‘Krish’ implies ‘He who attracts the minds of all living entities’, and ‘na’ means ‘supreme transcendental pleasure’. (3) ‘Rama’ means ‘He who pleases (ramayati) all living entities’. The maha-mantra consists of the repetition of these holy names of the Supreme Lord.

chaitanya mahaprabhu Lakshmipriya vishnupriya godruma

Verse 13

mantro guhyah paramo bhakti-vedyah

The Maha-Mantra (Hare Krishna Hare Krishna Krishna Krishna, Hare Hare/ Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama, Hare Hare) is confidential, best of all mantras, and can only be understood by pure devotional service (bhakti-yoga).

Verse 14

namany ashtav ashta ca shobhanani, tani nityam ye japanti dhiras te vai mayam atitaranti nanyah paramam mantram parama-rahasyam nityam avartayati

Those who are sincerely endeavoring to make progress in their spiritual lives continuously chant these sixteen splendid names of the Supreme Lord, and in this way, they overcome the influence of material energy. One should repeatedly chant these holy names of the Lord which is the greatest of all mantras, and the most confidential of all secrets.

Verse 15

Chaitanya eva sankarshano vasudevah parameshthi rudrah shakro brihaspatih sarve devah sarvani bhutani sthavarani carani ca yat kincit sad-asat-karanam sarvam. tad atra shlokah

Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is the Supreme Personality of Godhead who appears as Sankarshana and Vasudeva. He is the original father of Brahma, Shiva, Indra, Brihaspati, all demigods, and all moving and nonmoving entities. He is the cause of all that is temporary and all that is eternal. He is the original cause of everything. This is described in the following verses.

Verse 16-18

yat kincid asad bhunkte
ksharam tat karyam ucyate sat karanam param jivas
tad aksharam itiritam ksharaksharabhyam paramah
sa eva purushottamah
Chaitanyakhyam param tattvam
sarva-karana-karanam

This material world is temporary, whereas the individual living entities who try to enjoy matter are eternal. The Supreme Lord is superior to both the temporary material creation and the eternal individual living entities. This Supreme Person, the Absolute Truth, is none other than Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, the original cause of all causes.

nityananda chaitanya godruma

Verse 19

ya enam rasayati bhajati dhyayati sa papmanam tarati sa puto bhavati, sa tattvam janati, sa tarati shokam, gatis tasyate nanyasyeti

Anyone who develops a love for Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, worships Him, or meditates on Him is delivered from sin, becomes purified, understands the Supreme Truth, and overcomes lamentation. This highest goal of life is not attained by others.

 

See also  Shikshashtakam - by Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu

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