Krishna-varnam tvisakrishnam sangopangashtra-parshadam
yajnaih sankirtana-prayair yajanti hi su-medhasah
(Srimad Bhagavatam 11.5.32)
(Karabhajana muni revealed to King Nimi) ‘In the Age of Kali, intelligent people perform congregational chanting in order to worship the incarnation of Godhead who incessantly sings the names of Krishna. Although His complexion is not blackish, He is Krishna Himself. He is accompanied by His associates, servants, weapons and confidential companions’.
(Srimad Bhagavatam 11.5.32)
‘Krishna’ ei dui varna achhoye yahate
‘Krishnavarna’ nama tar kohe bhagavate
Kantite ‘akrishna’ tenho shuno sarvajan
Gaura Gaura bali ebe se karon
(Brahma continued) ‘Wherever the two syllables ‘Krs’ and ‘na’ exists in Srimad Bhagavatam, it refers to Lord Krishna, having a blackish complexion (Krishna-Varna). Now please listen everyone.This incarnation of the Supreme Lord (Lord Gauranga) in the age of kali, has a complexion of molten gold, which is just opposite to that of Krishna. Hence He is called upon as Gaura ! Gaura !’
Sri Chaitanya’s heart was an image of Srimati Radhika’s emotions – greatly turbulent with the feelings of union (sambhoga) and separation (vipralambha) with Krishna. Hence, it is stated that there is no difference between Lord Chaitanya and the combination of Sri Krishna and Srimati Radharani (Sri Krishna Chaitanya ,Radha Krishna Nahe anya). Sri Bhaktisiddhanta Saraswati Thakura exclaims that Sri Chaitanya is not simply Krishna or simply Radhika. Instead, He is the intense embrace of Sri Radha and Krishna. Such is the intensity of their embrace that that the divine couple becomes inseparable and merges into one form. Sri Krishna is then ornamented with the deep mood of Radharani and gets completely covered by Her bodily effulgence (molten gold).
Sangopango astra yata parishada ara
Sabhara sahita prabhu kaila avatara
Anga Balarama boli-tenhi kahi ‘sango’
Upa-anga abharana – tenhi se upanga
(Brahma continued) Accompanied by all of His companions, weapons, associates, the Lord descended in this world. The word ‘Anga’ refers to Lord Balarama. He is referred to as ‘sango’. The word ‘Upanga’ refers to all of His ornaments. It has been referred to as ‘upanga’.
Lord Balarama advented as Nityananda Prabhu in Mahaprabhu’s pastimes. In Sri Chaitanya Bhagavata ,it has been mentioned how Nityananda Prabhu always chants the glories and blissful pastimes of Lord Gauranga and makes all of His associates and followers do the same as well.
Nirabadhi sri Krishna Chaitanya sankirtana
Karayen karen laiya bhaktagana
(Chaitanya Bhagavata 3.5.329)
Sudarsana adi astra ara parishada
Sanhati aila sabe Prahlada Narada
Purva avatare ara dasdasi yata
Sangopange avatara – nama laiba kata
(Brahma continued) ‘Sudarsana Chakra and all the other weapons of the Lord, along with the Lord’s associates, and confidential companions like Prahlada and Narada, all descended together in this world. All of the Lord’s previous incarnations, His servants and maidservants, incarnated in this world. It is impossible to recount all of their names’.
Eteka vaishnava sab kahe anubhave
Ye nama achhilo tatha-seba nama ebe
Samanya manushe iha janiba kemone
Visvasa karite nare adhamera mone
Someone will identify all these great vaishnavas and reveal their previous names in Krishna’s pastimes. The common people will have difficulty understanding all of these pastimes. The lowly people will not want to believe in them.
Sri Kavi Karnapura , the son of Sivananda sen, has revealed the identities of Lord Gauranga’s associates in Krishna’s Vrindavana pastimes, in his famous book – Gaura Gannodesha deepika.
Ei to karone muni kahila vachan
Sei se janiba iha, sumedha je jon
Sankirtana praya yajna dharma parakash
Sumedha je jana tate parama ullash
(Brahma continued) ‘It is for this reason that sage karabhajana had said that only the intelligent shall understand these. The congregational chanting of the Lord’s holy names is the religion in the age of kali. The intelligent shall rejoice in the ecstasy of this congregational chanting’.